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Name ________________________ Period ____ Date ______________

Be able to describe the daily life of the Patricians and Plebeians

Pats Plebs

* wealthy landowners * working class

* boys educated by private tutors * powerful in a mob

* Privileges: reserved seating at events * most couldn’t write

Identify Social Groups of Rome:

  1. Soldier __a__ had to serve at least 20 years

  2. Senator __d__ could eventually buy freedom

  3. Women __b__ purple striped toga

  4. Slave __c__ subject to authority of father/husband

Throughout history, the government system of Rome changed often. Sequence the following types of government to reflect the order in which they existed in ancient Rome.

__2___ republic __3___ dictatorship __1__ monarchy __4___ empire

Identify what type of ruler each man was, and describe what each is remembered for.

Type of Ruler

Actions as Ruler





- split empire in two



- religious freedom

Compare & contrast Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar (at least 2 each)

- dictator - sole ruler -emperor

- relationship - caused civil war - enemy of

With Cleopatra - helped the poor Cleopatra

- angered senate - made reforms - respected by

Senate (new name)

- assassinated - stopped conquering

Julius Both Augustus

Understand the Roman Republic and how it compares to the United States today

Roman Republic

2 consuls Senate Praetors

(served for 1 year) Assembly of Centuries

Council of Plebs

Executive Legislative Judicial

President and Congress Supreme Court

Vice President (House of Reps


Review the Events of Punic Wars:

Who fought and when? Rome vs. Carthage (264 BC – 146 BC)

Key Ideas:

First Punic War

  • fought over Sicily

  • Romans built navy by modeling ships after Carthaginian ships

  • Rome wins Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica

Second Punic War

  • Hannibal comes over the Alps with elephants

  • Hannibal is winning in Rome, so Scipio takes his troops to Carthage

  • Rome wins, Hannibal commits suicide

Third Punic War

  • Rome destroys and burns Carthage

  • Rome attacks Greece and Asia

Religion: identify how each term played a role in Roman religion:

Numina – different spirits that are found everywhere in nature

Greek Gods – adopted by the Romans, and given Roman names

Lararium – a shrine in the home where people worship and pray, contains “lares” (figures of ancestors)

Temples- dedicated to a Roman god, where offerings and animal sacrifices occurred

Animals Sacrifices – done by a special priest called a haruspex

Vestal Virgins – female, religious workers who guard the holy flame of Vesta

Define Persecuted. Identify TWO reasons why the Christians were persecuted in Ancient Rome.

  • To purposely and brutally harass, harm, or even kill someone simply because of their beliefs or a group to which they belong

  • Christians were persecuted because they wouldn’t worship and make sacrifices to the emperor as a god, or to the old gods

Be able to identify and describe the Roman Achievements:

Roads- 50,000 miles, built to drain water, Appian Way still used today

Army- well trained and disciplined, organized into legions

Time and Money- Julian calendar, sundial, coins with face on the front and

national symbol on back

Architecture- arches, domes, temples, bridges, concrete, columns

Plumbing- aqueducts brought water into the city, sewer system brought

water and waste out of the city

Legal Administration- lawyers, judges and courts helped keep order

Twelve Tables- first written code of law in Rome

Entertainment and the arts- gladiators, chariot races, art theatre, and

literature (kept Romans happy)

Define the following terms:

Triumverate- three rulers sharing equal power

Principate- Augustus’ government; plebs, slaves, and freemen paid as government workers

Pax Romana- Peace of Rome; lasted from the time of Augustus to next 200 years
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