Farg’ona davlat universiteti Matematika va informatika fakulteti

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The parliament of USA

Farg’ona davlat universiteti

Matematika va informatika fakulteti

Matematika yo’nalishi

23.02-guruh talabasi

Qaxxorova Moxigulning

Ingliz tili fanidan tayyorlagan


The parliament of USA


This presentation provides a comprehensive overview of the United States Congress, the legislative branch of the U.S. government. It covers the structure, functions, and powers of the Congress.

History of Congress

The United States Congress was established by the Constitution in 1789. It consists of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The history of Congress is deeply intertwined with the nation's development.

The Congress is structured into two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each chamber has its own unique powers and responsibilities.

Structure of Congress

Congress has the power to make laws, declare war, regulate commerce, and oversee the federal budget. It also has the authority to impeach officials and approve presidential appointments.

Powers of Congress

Functions of Congress

The primary functions of Congress include legislating, representing constituents, oversight of the executive branch, and balancing the powers of government.

Congressional Committees

Congressional work is largely conducted through committees. These specialized groups handle specific areas of legislation, oversight, and investigation, playing a crucial role in the legislative process.

Legislative Process

The legislative process in Congress involves the introduction, debate, and voting on bills. Understanding this process is vital to comprehending how laws are made in the United States.

Congressional Leadership

Both the Senate and the House of Representatives have their own leadership structures, including the Speaker of the House and the Senate Majority Leader. These leaders play a crucial role in shaping legislative agendas.

Congressional Powers and Checks

Congress has the power to check the actions of the executive branch through oversight and the approval of appointments and treaties. This system of checks and balances is fundamental to the U.S. government.

Congressional Influence

The United States Congress wields significant influence over domestic and foreign policy. Its decisions impact the lives of Americans and have far-reaching implications for the nation's standing in the world.

Challenges and Criticisms

Congress faces challenges such as partisanship, gridlock, and public dissatisfaction. These issues have led to criticisms of the institution's effectiveness and its ability to address pressing national concerns.

Efforts to reform and modernize Congress have been ongoing, focusing on issues such as transparency, ethics, and efficiency. These reforms aim to enhance the functioning of the legislative branch.

Reforms and Modernization

Future of Congress

The future of the United States Congress will be shaped by evolving societal needs, technological advancements, and changing political dynamics. Understanding these factors is crucial to anticipating the trajectory of the legislative branch.


In conclusion, the United States Congress is a vital institution within the U.S. government, wielding significant power and responsibility. Understanding its structure, functions, and challenges is essential for comprehending the workings of American democracy.
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