Driver code of conduct

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    1. General

This driver code of conduct applies to all BCSC personnel and any other person conducting business for the Berrima works, or on any project associated with the Berrima works, whether a direct employee of BCSC or employed by some other organisation providing a service or product to the Company.

We are all members of the general community, so you are expected to comply with all the relevant legal requirements and accepted community standards whilst conducting your business. Whether you are an employee of BCSC or operate any service to the company, your behaviour on the road reflects upon the community reputation of BCSC and in this regard your full compliance with this Driver Code of Conduct is required.

    1. Penalties and Disciplinary Action

Failure to comply with this Driver Code of Conduct will lead to either the issue of a "warning notice" or "disciplinary action" if the offender is an employee of BCSC. If the offending party represents another company then "disciplinary action" may be treated as suspension or cancellation of a service contract or arrangement with that company.

A warning notice may be issued for a number of reasons, which may include if, you:

  • Drive at excessive speed;

  • Abuse other road users or customers;

  • Do not carry out instructions as advised;

  • Do not observe the site speed restrictions;

  • Do not report incidents/accidents

Examples of behaviour that may result in disciplinary action are if you:

  • Consume or are under the influence of alcohol or drugs whilst on duty;

  • Fight or commit acts of violence towards any person whatsoever, whether employee of BCSC or otherwise;

  • Are charged and found guilty of a serious offence causing an accident.

    1. Motor Traffic Act

As a driver you are required to know and comply with all road rules pertaining to your vehicle (whether standard passenger car, utility or heavy transport vehicle).

    1. Driving Licence

You must hold a current and valid driving licence for the class of vehicle that you operate. Additionally, you must always carry your current driver's licence with you while you are on duty.

If your licence is cancelled or suspended, you must let your supervisor know immediately.

    1. Vehicle Minimum Maintenance and Operating Condition

All vehicles must be maintained and operated in accordance with the vehicle manufacturers recommended standards (refer to vehicle manufacturer's handbook).

    1. Occupational Health and Safety

The health and safety of all people employed by (or working for) BCSC, and those visiting our sites, is of the utmost importance.

As an employee of BCSC, or supplier or contractor to BCSC, you are required to follow occupational health and safety legislation.

This means that you must:

  • Carry out your duties in a way which does not adversely affect your own health and safety or that of others;

  • Cooperate with measures introduced in the interest of workplace health and safety;

  • Perform any OH&S training provided;

  • Immediately report all matters which may affect workplace health & safety to your supervisor;

  • Correctly use any information, training, personal protective equipment and safety devices provided;

  • Not intentionally misuse or recklessly interfere with anything that has been provided for health and safety reasons;

  • Only do tasks for which you have authorisation and/or the necessary training, and for which all necessary safety arrangements are in place.

    1. Environment

BCSC is committed to protecting the environment and preventing air, water and noise pollution. As the operator of your vehicle, you are subject to environmental regulations relating to vehicle emission and product spill.

You must understand and appreciate the seriousness of polluting the environment and the consequences of this. If you are careless or neglect your responsibilities, you can cause personal injury, loss of life, property damage, substantial fines, and adverse publicity for the company.

    1. Noise Control

Using engine brakes can be extremely noisy. If possible, you should not use engine brakes near residences and built up areas.

All vehicles must be fitted with audible reversing alarms. These are essential for the safety of all personnel. Reversing alarms are however the source of potential noise complaints from neighbouring residents so all drivers should be aware of this and try to minimise reversing when possible.

Generating excessive noise is governed by legislation and is an offence.


    1. Highway Courtesy

The on-going reputation of the company depends very much on the way you drive your vehicle and courtesy that you extend to the community.

The road is there to share and therefore, it is a company requirement that you display courtesy and restraint towards other road users.

    1. Speed Restriction

As a professional and competent driver, you must always adjust your driving to the existing conditions.

Studies have shown that many truck accidents are directly caused by excessive speed and/or poor road conditions such as surface condition, corner camber, "tightness" etc.

Always follow posted signs as they provide vital clues to road conditions and characteristics. You should always apply the following rules:

  • Always reduce your speed in wet conditions;

  • Drive cautiously in fog or heavy rain;

  • Descend hills at sign-posted truck speeds, or in the lowest gear to suit the conditions;

  • Always observe the special limits that apply for road works etc;

  • DO NOT exceed the posted maximum speed;

  • DO NOT drive at speed past schools, school buses, parks, shopping areas etc.

    1. Berrima Works Speed Restrictions

The Berrima Works site has a general speed limit of 50 km/h with 20 km/h limits in designated areas. These limits are to ensure the interaction between personnel and vehicles are managed to minimise the risk of injury to all personnel.

Drivers are required to observe the posted speed limits and other traffic signage at all times. All incidents where drivers do not observe speed limits and other traffic instructions will be logged and investigated and, where appropriate, disciplinary action will be taken.

    1. Defensive Driving

You should always drive in a manner that will help you to avoid an accident, despite incorrect/inappropriate actions of others or poor driving conditions. Defensive driving requires a high degree of anticipation.

    1. Preferred Routes

All trucks must enter the works via the works entry Gate 2 – the weighbridge entrance.

The preferred routes for access to and from the Cement Works are listed below (refer to Local Area Map in Appendix 1):

When preferred routes have not been given to you, where possible you should:

  • Use main roads;

  • Use bypasses;

  • Avoid communal areas, schools eg (particularly during school start and finish times), parks etc.

For B-Doubles/road trains, use only the published/gazetted routes.

Routes for travel to and from customer premises are carefully selected so that:

  • The safest route is chosen;

  • In an emergency, you can use telephones or other shops, dwellings etc marked on the route.

You must stick to the defined routes laid down unless there are exceptional circumstances. Such exceptional circumstances may be:

  • Normal route blocked e.g. flooded;

  • A revised route agreed in writing.

Trucks and heavy vehicles must not use local residential streets.

    1. Vehicle Braking

One of the most important single skills that a professional and competent driver possesses is bringing a loaded vehicle to a controlled stop in city and open road conditions.

You may need to brake heavily but you must also be aware of the possible consequences.

As a rule you should always be aware of traffic conditions 1 to 2 km in front of you. In doing so, you are adjusting your own driving conditions to avoid the need for heavy braking.

Always brake with care, remembering that the truck will react differently according to the weight of the load, weight distribution of the load and road surface condition.

You should never, under any conditions, drive a vehicle with faulty or suspect brakes. You must always immediately report the fault to your supervisor to be fixed.

Engine brakes are auxiliary to the main service brakes. In general, the following should be observed regarding engine brakes:

  • DO NOT use the engine brake on slippery or wet surfaces, as a jack-knife may occur;

  • DO NOT use engine brakes in or near residences and built up areas, as this causes excessive noise and is a public disturbance.

    1. Tailgating

By law you are required to maintain a gap between yourself and the vehicle directly in front of you, so that heavy braking will not be required. The gap is based on several factors including speed, vehicle weight, traffic congestion and road condition. During wet weather or other adverse conditions, the gap distance should be doubled.

The legal distance for heavy vehicles in areas without streetlights is 60 metres, or 200 metres for B Doubles and road trains.

A gap of 60 metres is approximately the same as:

  • The length of four (4) semi trailer combinations;

  • Twelve (12) car lengths;

  • Four (4) seconds.

Always remember, appropriate gap distance between other road users is a key defensive driving tool.

    1. Overtaking/Passing

You should always avoid overtaking in awkward, inappropriate situations or where there is unclear vision.

In general you should not overtake/pass in the following situations:

  • Over continuous lane separation lines;

  • On narrow roads;

  • Near or on a curve or crest;

  • Near or on a bridge;

  • Near or on a railway crossing or tunnel;

  • When clear vision is restricted;

  • Through road work areas.

Do not indicate or signal to encourage other road users to overtake or pass. This action is against the law and may cause you to be responsible should an incident occur.

    1. Road Hazards

During most journeys that you take, there will be hazards on and near roadways. Always be alert for these hazards and make your adjustments as necessary.

Examples of hazards are:

  • Rough/slippery surfaces;

  • Narrow or winding roads;

  • Low wires or awnings;

  • Low bridges, tunnels etc;

  • Crossings, rail/people;

  • Animals;

  • Underpasses and trees.

Be aware that your vehicle itself may become a road hazard when it is parked on a roadway, broken down or otherwise. In this circumstance, use portable warning signals, placing them 50-150 metres in front of and behind the vehicle, as well as at the side.

    1. Parking

Avoid parking on or within one metre of the roadway. If this is not possible, make sure that you use the portable warning signs referred to above.

Always park your vehicle in a safe position. Make sure it can be seen and that it is as far away from the moving traffic as possible. If in doubt leave your hazard lights on!

If you are transporting dangerous goods there are additional restrictions that affect you. Refer to the "Parking with Dangerous Goods" section of your manual.

    1. Reversing

Try to avoid reversing whenever possible. If you cannot avoid it, use extreme caution.

If you need to reverse:

  • Get out of your vehicle and check the rear surrounding area;

  • Check clearances at sides, top and bottom;

  • Constantly monitor mirrors for pedestrians or other traffic when reversing.


Drivers are responsible for ensuring that all tailgates are properly closed and that there is no excessive leakage of water from the vehicle to the road surface.

Drivers of trucks hauling raw materials to and from the works will ensure adequate separation between vehicles. No tailgating or formation of rolling convoys shall be permitted.

Drivers are responsible for ensuring that all loads are properly covered and that there is no spillage or leakage of the load from the vehicle to the road surface.


Drivers entering the works via the Taylor Avenue weighbridge entrance are not permitted to queue on Taylor Avenue at any time. Should the weighbridge entry Gate 2 be 'overcrowded' then drivers shall enter the work via the main works entry Gate 1 (opposite Argyle Street) and park their vehicles at an alternate location until the weighbridge entry is available.


This Transport Code of Conduct is applicable 24 hours per day, 7 days per week.


Particular care needs to be exercised by drivers using Taylor Avenue and Berrima Road as these roads are a local school bus route.


Drivers passing through New Berrima to or from the works between the hours of 10.00pm and 7.00am are required to minimise vehicle noise.


Drivers should be aware that a complaints telephone number is available to the public to lodge complaints against any driver contravening these guidelines. The contact details are displayed on the signs at the entrance to the site.

All complaints will be logged and investigated and, where appropriate, disciplinary action will be taken.

Appendix 1

Local Area Map (Access Routes)

Authorised By: G Williams

Hard Copies not Controlled


Issue Date: 28 October 2007

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